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Rome

Coliseum

The Coliseum is Rome's most recognizable symbol and one of its most famous landmarks and tourist attractions. It is regarded by many as one of the finest examples of ancient Roman architecture and engineering.

The Coliseum was built solely for the purpose of providing a venue for various forms of public entertainment. For centuries, it hosted such events as gladiator fights, mock naval battles and exotic animal combats. In many of these events animals, professional gladiators, condemned criminals and slaves fought each other until death.

Opening Times: Summer Monday, Tuesday, Thursday to Saturday 9 am to 7 pm, Wednesday and Sunday 9 am to 2 pm. Winter it closes 1 hour before sunset.
Closed:1st January, 1st May, 25th December
 
Trevi Fountain

The fountain was originally commissioned to celebrate the end of the Acqua Vergine aqueduct built by Marcus Agrippa in 19BC. Today it is has become one of the most popular sights of Rome. A celebration of what makes Rome a unique and beautiful city. Have a few coins handy when you visit as tradition has it that if you throw a coin in it you will, inevitably, come back to Rome
 
St Peters

This section St. Peters was first built under Emperor Constatntine and was first completed in 349 A.D. The church over time became very run down. In 1452 restoration began on the building which continued for the next two hundred years. During this period, Raphael, Michelangelo and many other note worthy architects added to the buildings design. It contains 11 chapels and 45 altars and many pieces of priceless and exquisite art work.

Art Galleries

National Gallery of Ancient Art
Palazzo Barberini Via Quattro Fontane, 13

Twelfth to eighteenth century paintings and decorative art collection. Among the paintings, works of Lippi, Raffaello, Caravaggio and Bernini.

History: Palazzo Barberini was designed by Maderno, and built on the site of the previous Villa Sforza, for Maffeo Barberini, who became pope with the title of Urban VIII. On Maderno's death in 1629, Gian Lorenzo Bernini took control of construction. One of his collaborators was Francesco Borromini. The great hall was decorated by Pietro da Cortona, who worked on it from 1633 to 1639: the allegorical theme centres on the "Triumph of Providence" and was intended to exalt the glory of the papal family.

Opening Times: 9 a.m. to 7 p.m.
Closed: Mondays & 1st January, 25th December
 
Roman Forum

The Forum (a Latin word meaning open space or market place) was the administrative and corporate heart of Rome. Generally this word referred to the open space in any Roman town where business, judicial, civic, or religious activities were conducted. A typical forum might be surrounded by temples, shops, and basilicas (large, covered structures used for various meetings). In Rome, there are several forums. The most famous being, the Roman Forum, The Roman Forum was designed by the architect Vitruvius and for centuries, the Roman Forum was the site of the city's most important public buildings including the Arch of Septimius Severus, built in 203 B.C. and the Rostra or public speaking platforms.
 
Vatican City

The State of the Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, a landlocked enclave surrounded by the city of Rome in Italy. "The Vatican" is the home of the Pope, and forms the territory of the Holy See, the central authority of the Roman Catholic Church. The Vatican is located upon the Vatican Hill. As an independent state, the Vatican has the right to to send and receive diplomatic representatives, including foreign embassies, which are located in the Italian part of Rome due to the very limited territory of the state. This means, very curiously, that Italy hosts its own Embassy of Italy.
 
Museums

The Capitoline Museums are housed in the Palazzo dei Conservatori and the Palazzo Nuovo, which face each other across the Piazza del Campidoglio; they were built on the Campidoglio as part of the design of the Square drawn up by Michelangelo. Against the backdrop of the Palazzo dei Senatori, they represent a classic area in the heart of Rome.

The foundation of the Capitoline Museums dates back to 1471. There is therefore good reason to consider them the oldest existing public collection in the world.
The museum contains many artifacts from the city of rome as well as including bronze statues from Pope Sixtus IV when the museum was established.

Opening times: Tuesday - Sun 9 a.m. – 8 p.m., 24th and 31st December 09 a.m. – 2 p.m.
Closed: Mondays & 1st January, 1st May, 25th December
 
Spanish Steps

These broad steps connect the Spanish Square with the Church of the Trinita dei Monti and are visually distinctive. The three successive staircases undulate, keeping with Baroque ideals of activity, motion, and energy, and offer an excellent view of the city.

The Spanish Steps at the Piazza were built between 1723 and 1726 by de Sanctis. The Piazza has been a presence in Rome since the Spanish ambassador to the Pope took up permanent residence in the square in the early 17th century. However, in the political climate of Europe at the time, this mere fact of the Pope’s residence became an international issue. The French were concerned about Spain’s rising power over the Pope and proposed to fund a building project linking the contentious square with the Trinita dei Monti.
 
Pantheon

The Pantheon is one of the great spiritual buildings of the world. It was built as a Roman temple and later consecrated as a Catholic Church. Its monumental porch originally faced a rectangular colonnaded temple courtyard and now enfronts the smaller Piazza della Rotonda. Through great bronze doors, one enters one great circular room.
The interior volume is a cylinder above which rises the hemispherical dome. Opposite the door is a recessed semicircular apse, and on each side are three additional recesses, alternately rectangular and semicircular, separated from the space under the dome by paired monolithic columns. The only natural light enters through an unglazed oculus at the center of the dome and through the bronze doors to the portico. As the sun moves, striking patterns of light illuminate the walls and floors of porphyry, granite and yellow marbles.
 
Sistine Chapel

The Sistine Chapel takes its name from Pope Sixtus IV Della Rovere. It was built between 1475 and 1481 by Giovannino de’ Dolci on a design by Baccio Pontelli. The chapel was inagureted on August 15, 1483 and it was dedicated to Saint Maryand was decorated by Michelangelo.

The dimension of the chapel are the same of those of Jurusalem Temple. and the role of the building was to house the palace chapel and offer protection by acting as a Vatican fortress.

It has hosted papal coronations, and during important ceremonies the chapel walls are decorated with a series of tapestries (Raphael) depicting events from the Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles.

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